dates from around 2055 BC to around 100 AD
From a historical view, the temple dedicated to Amun, Mut, and Khonsu. Karnak Temple is the largest religious building ever built.
Temple of Karnak known as Ipet-isu or “most of the places chosen” – by the ancient Egyptians.
About Karnak Temple
A city of temples built over 2,000 years and dedicated to the Theban Trinity of Amun, Mutt and Khonsu.
This abandoned place is still able to overcome many of the modern wonders of the world. In his days he had to be amazing,
And also, For the largely uneducated ancient Egyptian population, this was only the place of the gods,
because It is the largest religious building ever built and covers about 200 acres (1.5 km of 0.8 km) and has been a pilgrimage site for almost 2,000.
Area of the holy suburb of Amun
Is alone has sixty acres and can accommodate 10 Mediterranean European cathedrals.
and a large Karnak temple in the heart of Karnak is so large that the Cathedral of St. Peter, Milan and the Cathedral of Notre Dame can fall within its walls.
The 54,000-square-foot (16,459-meter) Hypostyle Hall, with 134 columns, remains the largest room in any religious building in the world.
In addition to the main temple, there are many smaller temples
and a vast sacred lake – 423 feet along 252 feet (129 x 77 meters).
Also, sacred ships ” Theban Triad ” floating on the lake during the annual Opet Festival. and the lake surrounded by storage and living quarters for priests, as well as a cage for waterbirds.
all Egyptians believed that as the end of the annual agricultural cycle approached, the gods and the earth became exhausted and required a new input of energy from the chaotic energy of the universe.
And to achieve this magical renewal, the Opat Festival held annually in Karnak and Luxor.
This ceremony lasted for twenty-seven days and was also a celebration of the connection between the pharaoh and the god Amun.
The procession began in Karnak and ended at Luxor Temple, 1.5 kilometers (2.4 km) to the south.
then, the statue of Amun wash with holy water, dressed in luxurious linen, and decorated in gold and silver jewelry.
Then, the priests put the god in a shrine and on the ceremonial tower supported by columns for carrying.
Pharaoh came out of the temple and his priest carrying parquet on their shoulders and moved together to the crowded streets.
and Nubian soldiers serving as guards beat their drums and musicians accompanied the priests in the song when the incense-filled with air.
In Luxor, Pharaoh entered the temple and a ceremony was held to renovate Amun,
reconfigure the universe and transfer the authority of Amun to Pharaoh.
When he finally came out of the sanctuary of the temple, the huge crowds rejoiced and celebrated the promised fertility of the land and expected an abundant harvest.
people are given more than 11,000 loaves of bread and more than 385 jars of beer during the festival.
finally, Some were allowed into the temple to ask questions about God, priests spoke of the answers through a window hidden high in the wall or inside hollow statues.